His Supplication in Bidding Farewell to the Month of Ramadan


O God,
          O He who desires no repayment!


                    O He who shows no remorse at bestowal!


                     O He who rewards not His servant tit for tat!


          Thy kindness is a new beginning,
                    Thy pardon gratuitous bounty,181
                    Thy punishment justice,
                    Thy decree a choice for the best!


          If Thou bestowest,
                              Thou stainest not Thy bestowal with obligation,
                    and if Thou withholdest,
                              Thou withholdest not in transgression.


          Thou showest gratitude to him who thanks Thee,
                    while Thou hast inspired him to thank Thee.


          Thou rewardest him who praises Thee,
                    while though Thou hast taught him Thy praise.


          Thou coverest him whom,
                    if Thou willed,
                    Thou wouldst expose,
          and Thou art generous toward him from whom,
                    if Thou willed,
                    Thou wouldst withhold.
          Both are worthy of Thy exposure and withholding,
                                                            but Thou hast
                    founded Thy acts upon gratuitous bounty,
                    channelled Thy power into forbearance,


                    received him who disobeyed Thee with clemency,
                    and disregarded him who intended wrongdoing against himself.
          Thou awaitest their turning back without haste
                    and refrainest from rushing them toward repentance,
          so that the perisher among them may not perish
                                                            because of Thee
                    and the wretched may not be wretched through
                                                            Thy favour,
                    but only after Thy prolonged excusing him
                    and successive arguments against him,
          as an act of generosity through Thy pardon, O Generous,
                    and an act of kindliness through Thy tenderness, O Clement!


It is Thou who hast opened for Thy servants
                    a door to Thy pardon,
                    which Thou hast named 'repentance'.
          Thou hast placed upon that door
                    a pointer from Thy revelation,
                    lest they stray from it:
          Thou hast said (blessed are Thy names),
                    Repent toward God with unswerving repentance!
                    It may be that Thy Lord will acquit of your evil deeds
                              and will admit you into gardens
                               beneath which rivers flow,


                    upon the day when God will not degrade the Prophet
                               and those who have faith along with him,
                     their light running before them
                               and on their right hands,
                               and they say:
                     'Our Lord, complete for us our light, and forgive us!
                              Surely Thou art powerful over everything.'182
          What is the excuse
                    of him who remains heedless of entering that house
                     after the opening of the door
                    and the setting up of the pointer?


It is Thou who hast raised the price against Thyself
                    to the advantage of Thy servants,
          desiring their profit in their trade with Thee,
                    their triumph through reaching Thee,
                    and their increase on account of Thee,
          for Thou hast said
                    (blessed is Thy Name and high art Thou exalted),
                    Whoso brings a good deed
                              shall have ten the like of it,
                    and whoso brings an evil deed
                              shall only be recompensed the like of it.183


          Thou hast said,
                     The likeness of those who expend their wealth
                              in the way of God
                    is as the likeness of a grain of corn
                              that sprouts seven ears,
                              in every ear a hundred grains;
                     so God multiplies unto whom He wills.184
          Thou hast said,
                    Who is he that will lend to God a good loan,
                              and He will multiply it for him manifold?185
          And Thou hast sent down in the Qur'an
                     similar verses on the multiplying of good deeds.


It is Thou who hast pointed them
                    through Thy speech from Thy Unseen
                    and Thy encouragement in which lies their good fortune
           toward that which
                    - hadst Thou covered it from them -
          their eyes would not have perceived,
           their ears would not have heard,
                    and their imaginations would not have grasped,
          for Thou hast said,
                    Remember Me
                               and I will remember you
                     be thankful to Me,
                               and be you not thankless towards Me!186
          Thou hast said,
                     If you are thankful,
                              surely I will increase you,
                     but if you are thankless,
                               My chastisement is surely terrible;187


          And Thou hast said,
                    Supplicate Me
                               and I will respond to you,
                     surely those who wax too proud to worship Me
                               shall enter Gehenna utterly abject.188
          Hence Thou hast named supplicating Thee 'worship'
                    and refraining from it 'waxing proud',
          and Thou hast threatened that the refraining from it
                    would yield entrance into Gehenna in utter abjection.


          So they remember Thee for Thy kindness,
                    they thank Thee for Thy bounty,
                    they supplicate Thee by Thy command,
                    and they donate for Thee
                              in order to seek Thy increase;
          in all this lies their deliverance from Thy wrath
                    and their triumph through Thy good pleasure.


          Were any creature himself to direct another creature
                    to the like of that to which
                    Thou Thyself hast directed Thy servants,
          he would be described by beneficence,
                    qualified by kindness,
                    and praised by every tongue.
          So to Thee belongs praise
                    as long as there is found a way to praise Thee
                    and as long as there remains for praising
                              words by which Thou may be praised
                              and meanings which may be spent in praise!


O He who shows Himself praiseworthy to His servants
                    through beneficence and bounty,
          flooding them with kindness and graciousness!
          How much Thy favour has been spread about among us,
                    Thy kindness lavished upon us,
                    and Thy goodness singled out for us!


          Thou hast guided us to
                    Thy religion which Thou hast chosen,
                    Thy creed with which Thou art pleased,
                    and Thy path which Thou hast made smooth,
          and Thou hast shown us proximity to Thee
                    and arrival at Thy generosity!


O God,
          among the choicest of those duties
                    and the most special of those obligations
          Thou hast appointed the month of Ramadan,
                    which Thou hast singled out from other months,
                    chosen from among all periods and eras,
                    and preferred over all times of the year
                              through the Qur'an and the Light
                                        which Thou sent down within it,
                              the faith
                                        which Thou multiplied by means of it,
                              the fasting
                                        which Thou obligated therein,
                              the standing in prayer
                                        which Thou encouraged at its time,
                              and the Night of Decree
                                        which Thou magnified therein,
                                        the night which is better than a thousand months.189


          Through it Thou hast preferred us
                              over the other communities
                    and through its excellence Thou hast chosen us
                              to the exclusion of the people of the creeds.
          We fasted by Thy command in its daylight,
                    we stood in prayer with Thy help in its night,
                              presenting ourselves by its fasting and its standing
                              to the mercy which Thou hast held up before us,
                    and we found through it the means to Thy reward.
          And Thou art full of what is sought from Thee,
                    munificent with what is asked of Thy bounty,
                    and near to him who strives for Thy nearness.


This month stood among us
                    in a standing place of praise,
          accompanied us
                    with the companionship of one approved,
          and profited us
                    with the most excellent profit of the world's creatures.
          Then it parted from us at the completion of its time,
                    the end of its term,
                    and the fulfilment of its number.


So we bid farewell to it with the farewell of one
           whose parting pains us,
          whose leaving fills us with gloom and loneliness,
          and to whom we have come to owe
                    a safeguarded claim,
                     an observed inviolability,
                     and a discharged right.
           We say:
                     Peace be upon thee,
                              O greatest month of God!
                               O festival of His friends!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                              O most noble of accompanying times!
                              O best of months in days and hours!


                    Peace be upon thee,
                              month in which
                                        expectations come near
                                        and good works are scattered about!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                                         who is great in worth when found
                                         and who torments through absence when lost,
                               anticipated friend
                                         whose parting gives pain!


                    Peace be upon thee,
                                         who brought comfort in coming,
                                                  thus making happy,
                                         who left loneliness in going,
                                                  thus giving anguish!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                              neighbour in whom
                                         hearts became tender
                                         and sins became few!


                    Peace be upon thee,
                                        who aided against Satan,
                                        who made easy the paths of good-doing!


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               How many became freedmen of God within thee!
                               How happy those who observed the respect due to thee!


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               How many the sins thou erased!
                               How many the kinds of faults thou covered over!


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               How drawn out wert thou for the sinners!
                               How awesome wert thou in the hearts of the faithful!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                               month with which no days compete!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                               month which is peace in all affairs!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                               thou whose companionship is not disliked,
                               thou whose friendly mixing is not blamed!


                     Peace be upon thee,
                              just as thou hast entered upon us with blessings
                               and cleansed us of the defilement of offenses!


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               Thou art not bid farewell in annoyance
                               nor is thy fasting left in weariness!


                    Peace be upon thee,
                              object of seeking before thy time,
                              object of sorrow before thy passing!


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               How much evil was turned away from us through thee!
                              How much good flowed upon us because of thee!


                     Peace be upon thee
                               and upon the Night of Decree
                               which is better than a thousand months!190


                     Peace be upon thee -
                               How much we craved thee yesterday!
                               How intensely we shall yearn for thee tomorrow!


                     Peace be upon thee
                               and upon thy bounty
                                         which has now been made unlawful to us
                               and upon thy blessings gone by
                                        which have now been stripped away from us!


O God,
          we are the people of this month.
                     Through it Thou hast ennobled us
                     and given us success
                               because of Thy kindness,
                     while the wretched are ignorant of its time.
                     Made unlawful to them is its bounty
                               because of their wretchedness.


           Thou art the patron
                    of the knowledge of it by which Thou hast preferred us,
                    and its prescribed practices to which Thou hast guided us.
          We have undertaken, through Thy giving success,
                    its fasting and its standing in prayer,
                     but with shortcomings,
                     and we have performed little of much.


O God,
          so to Thee belongs praise,
                    in admission of evil doing
                    and confession of negligence,
          and to Thee belongs
                    remorse firmly knitted in our hearts
                    and seeking of pardon sincerely uttered by our tongues.
           Reward us,
                     in spite of the neglect that befell us in this month,
                     with a reward through which
                               we may reach the bounty desired from it
                               and win the varieties of its craved stores!


Make incumbent upon us Thy pardon
                     for our falling short of Thy right in this month
           and make our lives which lie before us
                     reach the coming month of Ramadan!
           Once Thou hast made us reach it,
                     help us perform the worship of which Thou art worthy,
                     cause us to undertake the obedience which Thou deservest,
                     and grant us righteous works
                               that we may fulfil Thy right
                              in these two months of the months of time.191


O God,
           as for the small and large sins
                    which we have committed in this our month,
           the misdeeds into which we have fallen,
           and the offenses which we have earned
                     purposefully or in forgetfulness,
                     wronging ourselves thereby
                     or violating the respect due to others,
           bless Muhammad and his Household,
           cover us over with Thy covering,
           pardon us through Thy pardoning,
          place us not before the eyes of the gloaters because of that,
           stretch not toward us the tongues of the defamers,
           and employ us in that which will alleviate and expiate
                     whatever Thou disapprovest from us within it
                    through Thy clemency which does not run out,
                    and Thy bounty which does not diminish!


O God,
           bless Muhammad and his Household,
           redress our being afflicted by our month,192
           bless us in this day of our festival and our fast-breaking,
           make it one of the best of days that have passed over us,
                     the greatest in attracting Thy pardon,
                     and the most effacing toward sins,
           and forgive us our sins, both the concealed and the public!


O God,
          with the passing of this month
                     make us pass forth from our offenses,
           with its departure
                    make us depart from our evil deeds,
           and appoint us thereby among its most felicitous people,
                     the most plentiful of them in portion,
                     and the fullest of them in share!


O God,
           when any person observes this month as it should be observed,
           safeguards its inviolability as it should be safeguarded,
           attends to its bounds as they should be attended to,
          fears its misdeeds as they should be feared,
           or seeks nearness to Thee with any act of nearness-seeking
                     makes incumbent upon him Thy good pleasure
                     and bends toward him Thy mercy,
           give to us the like [of that]193 from Thy wealth
                     and bestow it upon us in multiples through Thy bounty,
           for Thy bounty does not diminish,
                     Thy treasuries do not decrease but overflow,
                     the mines of Thy beneficence are not exhausted,
                     and Thy bestowal is the bestowal full of delight!


O God,
           bless Muhammad and his Household
           and write for us the like of the wages
                     of him who fasted in it
                     or worshipped Thee within it
                               until the Day of Resurrection!


O God,
           we repent to Thee in our day of fast-breaking,
                     which Thou hast appointed
                              for the faithful
                                         a festival and a joy
                               and for the people of Thy creed
                                         a time of assembly and gathering,
                     from every misdeed we did,
                               ill work we sent ahead,
                               or evil thought we secretly conceived,
           the repentance of one who does not harbour a return to sin
                     and who afterwards will not go back to offense,
           an unswerving repentance rid of doubt and wavering.
           So accept it from us,
                     be pleased with us,
                     and fix us within it!


O God,
           provide us with fear of the threatened punishment
                     and yearning for the promised reward,
           so that we may find
                     the pleasure of that for which we supplicate Thee
                     and the sorrow of that from which we seek sanctuary in Thee!


          And place us with Thee among the repenters,
                     those upon whom Thou hast made Thy love obligatory
                     and from whom Thou hast accepted
                              the return to obeying Thee!194
                    O Most Just of the just!


O God,
           show forbearance toward our fathers and our mothers
                     and all the people of our religion,
                               those who have gone and those who will pass by,
                               until the Day of Resurrection!


O God,
           bless our prophet Muhammad and his Household,
                    as Thou hast blessed Thy angels brought nigh,
          bless him and his Household,
                     as Thou hast blessed Thy prophets sent out,
           bless him and his Household,
                     as Thou hast blessed Thy righteous servants
                     - and better than that, O Lord of the worlds! -
           a blessing whose benediction will reach us,
                     whose benefit will attain to us,
                     and through which our supplication may be granted!
           Thou art the most generous of those who are beseeched,
                     the most sufficient of those in whom confidence is had,
                     the most bestowing of those from whom bounty is asked,
                     and Thou art powerful over everything!195